There are and additionally no differences by child gender (51% male)

There are and additionally no differences by child gender (51% male)


During the five years spanned by project, a attrition occurred in the initial 12 months pursuing the random task. From the kid many years step one, 78% of your shot took part in your house testing. At the years dos, 72% of one’s shot participated; at years 3, 70% of the decide to try participated; and also at ages 5, 72% of your own try participated. Talking about very typical storage pricing having training out-of highest-chance household that have offspring.

The present analytic sample includes all families with information on mother-child separation in the first two years of life and on either maternal parenting at child age 3 or child outcomes at age 5. Of the 3,001 families in the full sample, 2,080 (69%) met this criterionpared to mothers excluded from the analytic sample, those who were included were more likely to be White (39% versus 33%, p < .05) and to have had more education (54% of mothers had a high school diploma or GED at baseline, compared to 49% of mothers excluded from analysis, p < .05). Included mothers were more likely than excluded mothers to be living with a romantic partner (26% versus 22%, p < .05) and less likely to be the sole adult in their household (34% versus 41%, p < .05). They were slightly less likely to be primiparous (62% versus 66%, p < .05), and more likely to be in the program than control group (54% versus 42%, p < .05). In sum, within a generally disadvantaged sample (by design, given the families served by EHS), the families eligible for the present analysis were less disadvantaged. However, there were no differences between included and excluded families according to poverty status at baseline (89% were in poverty) or whether the mother was a teenager at the child's birth (39%). Additional information regarding the demographic characteristics of the analytic sample can be found in Table 1 .

Very early mother-son break up

During the home assessments at child ages 1 and 2, mothers were asked if they had been separated from their child for a week or longer within the previous year. Children whose mothers who answered affirmatively at either time point were coded as having experienced a separation from their mother during the first 2 years of life (n = 335 [16%]). 1 The presence or absence of a separation in the first 2 years was coded as 1 for at least 1 separation, and 0 for no separations. Because a child could have experienced a separation in the year prior to a wave in which he/she did not participate, our measure of separation is likely an undercount. However 86% participated at both ages 1 and 2. The most commonly reported reason for the separation at the age 1 home assessment was a vacation taken by the mother (19%), followed by the mother’s visit to a relative (13%) or to the child’s father or father figure (9%). At the age 2 home assessment, the most common reasons were the mother’s visit to a relative (23%), mother’s vacation (18%), and mother’s visit to the father/father figure (13%). The separation was rarely due to the child being removed from the home by child protective services (6% at the age 1 and 3% at the age 2 assessment). Of those families who reported a separation, 37% did so by 14 months, an additional 47% reported a first separation by 24 months, and 16% reported separation at both 14 and 24 months. Even so, the correlation between age 1 and age 2 separation was modest (r = .19, p < .05).

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